Language is an important aspect of communication. It is used in order to give clear cut meanings to the thoughts and emotions of an individual, group, community, and more importantly a nation or country, the language spoken by a certain country is essential in giving it a unique and distinct identity among its peers. It is also the one thing that binds the people of the nation toward solidarity and unity in order to maintain peace, order, respect, and love. With this in mind let us venture into the Indian circles and learn how the seeds of its language came about.
The language formulated by India all these years is one true testament of the country’s diversity. The spoken communication of the Indians comes from various forms and families in linguistics. The two dominant linguistic families include, first the Indo-European languages or the Indo-Aryan which is utilized by around seventy percent of Indians across the world and, second the Dravidian languages which are used by about twenty two percent of the people from India. Other forms of Indian language are the Tibeto-Burman and Austro-Asiatic.
Now let’s talk about a little bit of history. The languages commonly employed in the northern regions of India which is associated with the Indo-European family are actually variants and are evolved forms of the ancient Indo-Aryan such as Sanskrit. This process can also be connected with two language families such as the Apabhramsa and Middle Indo-Aryan Prakrit which were prevalent during the middle ages.
There is a common understanding that around A.D. 1000 the modern languages that were commonly present in north India came into the picture. These were the Hindi, Saraiki, Sindhi, Oriya, Punjabi, Gujarati, and Marathi. A Persian background has been identified as an influence on the formulation of the Hindi or Urdu language.
The Indian census has a different method of distinguishing the terms dialect and language. Basically it employs the use of mother tongue in place of dialect. In its method, mother tongues are readily grouped into each language where they officially belong. Actually in terms of linguistic norms mother tongues can be tagged as languages. One proof is that there are almost millions of mother tongues which are considered to be under the main language which is Hindi.
A census done in 2001 which is said to the most recent in the country shows that there are twenty nine languages having one million native users, sixty of the country’s languages have about a hundred thousand, and one hundred twenty two having native speakers reaching to ten thousands. At present the national government has recognized twenty two languages as having the official accreditation of languages of the 8th schedule. Political processes are used in order to determine if a language can be given such status.
According to Article 343, the officially recognized language of the Indian Republic is Hindi and that English can be utilized to serve purposes of official nature. Nevertheless the country’s government has made it clear to push through with efforts of boosting Hindi’s scope and network for official relevance on a steady and gradual pace. States across the country are given the chance to legally put up their own official languages which is solely based on the demographics of their linguistics. Examples of these states are Jammu and Kashmir which uses Kashmiri and Karnataka which has Kannada for its official language.
The Indian language along with its culture is very diverse but if you put your mind and heart into it you can surely learn in a very easing and enjoying manner.